Karl Marx and Marxism

A portrait of Karl Marx.
A portrait of Karl Marx. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Karl Marx and his theories are widely misunderstood. Most people for example think that Karl Marx was Russian (he was German) or that he lived in Russia (he spent most of his time in England), or at least that after spending his life as a bomb-throwing revolutionary (he was a journalist and a philosopher).
Also they believe that that Marx was buried in Moscow’s Red Square (Marx tomb is in London).
Karl Marx was indeed a revolutionary thinker but he did not live his life on the ramparts urging the violent overthrow of European capitalism. He certainly wanted to have a powerful effect on people and stimulate change. But most of his writing is difficult to read and about incendiary of the telephone book.
To get to the point quickly what does Marx the founding father of communism contribute to our inquiry into the nature of happiness and the purpose of our lives? Many Marx’s ideas speak beyond economics to questions about human happiness and what we should do with our lives. Two of his ideas are particularly important for us to consider.
First, Marx argues that our ideas about what is valuable in life come not from our own personal choices as we think they do, but form our economic system that dominates our lives.
Which means that our ideas about what makes us happy are just as much the product of capitalism as the cars that come off the end of an assembly line? Marx thus claims that capitalism imbues people with a particular view of our life purpose.
Second, Marx believes that living according to this vision of happiness in fact puts a satisfying life out of reach for everyone, rich and poor alike. In particular, Marx thinks that the way capitalism has us spend our work days goes against the grain of the human spirit. Obviously, if either Marx claims is true that would have an important effect on how we live our lives and how we choose our role/s and goals in life.
One of the most interesting aspects of Marx’ ideas is his insistence that economic factors are the single most important force in any society. Not only do economic factors shape individual choices but they also determine the overall political goals of a society and even its view of history.
Behind these views is a theory of history, a theory that has subsequently been called (dialectical materialism). To understand Marx’s thinking however we have to look briefly at the work of the philosopher who pointed Marx in this direction which is, Georg Hegel.
But before we dive briefly into Hegel’s philosophy and consider deeply Marx view of capitalism I need to state a few points which I deeply believe to be reconsidered to Marx’s philosophy, which they are:
1- The value of our lives comes from both out personal choices as an initial which is determined by (psychological forces in our self) working with the economic factors that are determined by the society economic systems.
2- Thus as to start our debate here I need to state my view point in the metaphysical realm which is: Metaphysics in my opinion is (Neutral Monism) as substance is larger than mind and matter…
3- The two substances are both mind and matter. I believe in what the French philosopher Rene’ Descartes said as he held that there are three realities or “substances” as he called them, one uncreated reality (God) and two created realities (mind and matter). Yet at least in his account of natural or the created world by which we live it as humans.
4- For Descartes these two realities are completely different from each other; as matter is defined by its spatial extension or in another meaning by which how a human produces a work in a tangible way (for example building materials or even writing in its simplest form).
5- The other reality is the mind by its ability to think, Mind cannot be spatially located or described which means how the human produces idea which he/she can put into work.
6- These two realities describes the human has two working personalities or two work identities which combined with each other in his/her career.
7- As to end the debate I need to state that what encompass that human self or work identity is a complete third reality (uncreated reality) which holds the two former realities (mind and matter) mentioned above in a complete human working self/identity.

6 comments on “Karl Marx and Marxism

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